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Lakes Tharthar, Habbaniyah and Qadisiyah, Iraq

33.9N 43.2E

March 2nd, 2012 Category: Lakes

Iraq - March 1st, 2012

This image shows the slightly irregular shoreline of the teardrop-shaped Lake Tharthar, in Iraq. Known in Iraq as Buhayrat ath Tharthar, it is the largest lake in the country, although its size fluctuates dramatically with the seasons. It is situated 120 kilometers north of Baghdad between the Tigris and the Euphrates Rivers. The construction of several dams has made it an important source for irrigation.

Visible to the south is Lake Habbaniyah, a shallow natural lake in al-Anbar, Iraq, west of Baghdad. It has a surface area 140 km². Traditionally the lake has been used to hold flood water from the River Euphrates, and in 1956 a barrage was constructed at Ramadi for this purpose. Visible at the left edge of the image, west of Lake Tharthar, is a man-made reservoir: Lake Qadisiyah.  Qadisiyah was formed by the damming of the Euphrates River above Haditha, Iraq, and it sits on the north side of the Haditha Dam. It has 100 kilometres of shoreline and provides irrigation water for nearby cultivated fields.

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