Lakes in Mongolia’s Uvs Province and China’s Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region
Uvs is one of the 21 aimags (provinces) of Mongolia. It is located in the west of the country, 1336 km away from the national capital Ulan Bator. Its capital is Ulaangom, which lies 936m above sea level.
Parts of the steppe in this province are protected as the World Heritage Site Uvs Nuur Basin. In the north, just out of view, the province borders the Russian Federation for 640km, in the east 340 km of border lies between Uvs and Zavkhan province. In the south and west it borders with Khovd and Bayan-Ölgii provinces for 200km each.
The province occupies 4.45% of the national territory, which is equivalent of 69,585 sq. km. Sixty percent of the total area of the province belongs to the mountainous climatic zone, and 40% to the Gobi semi-desert.
The province is named after Mongolia’s biggest lake, Uvs Nuur, touching the top edge of the image. Also visible here are the other five major lakes of Mongolia’s Great Lakes Depression: Lakes Khyargas (below Lake Uvs), Airag (smaller, just south of the former), Khar-Us (southwest of Lake Khyargas), Khar (east of the former) and Dörgön (south of Lake Khar).
Another body of water, Lake Ulungur, is visible near the center of the left edge. This lake, as well as the rest of the land in the lower left quadrant, belongs to China’s Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.