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Lake Victoria, Africa

January 19th, 2009 Category: Lakes

Lake Victoria, Africa - January 16th, 2009

Lake Victoria, Africa - January 16th, 2009

Lake Victoria or Victoria Nyanza (also known as Ukerewe and Nalubaale) is one of the Great Lakes of Africa. It is a biological hotspot with great biodiversity.

Some light green algae is visible along the northern and southern shorelines, while greater algal growth can be observed in the northeastern corner.

The water near the eastern shore appears light tan, probably due to shallower waters or sediments dredged up by rainfall.

The lake lies within an elevated plateau in the western part of Africa’s Great Rift Valley and is subject to territorial administration by Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya.

Lake Victoria is 68,800 square kilometres (26,560 mi²) in size, making it the continent’s largest lake, the largest tropical lake in the world, and the second widest fresh water lake in the world in terms of surface area (third largest if one considers Lake Michigan-Huron as a single lake).

Being relatively shallow for its size, with a maximum depth of 84 m (276 ft) and a mean depth of 40 m (131 ft), Lake Victoria ranks as the seventh largest freshwater lake by volume, containing 2,750 cubic kilometers (2.2 million acre-feet) of water.

It is the source of the longest branch of the River Nile, the White Nile, and has a water catchment area of 184,000 square kilometres (71,040 mi²).

The lake has a shoreline of 3,440 km (2138 miles), and has more than 3,000 islands, many of which are inhabited.

source Wikipedia

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