Lake Kyoga, Uganda
The Victoria Nile flows through the lake on its way from Lake Victoria to Lake Albert. The main inflow from Lake Victoria is regulated by the Nalubaale Power Station in Jinja.
Another source of water is the Mount Elgon region on the border between Uganda and Kenya.
While Lake Kyoga is part of Great Lakes system, it is not itself considered a Great Lake. Extensive wetlands fed by a complex system of streams and rivers surround the lake.
The lake complex reaches a maximum depth at about 5.7 meters, and most of it is less than 4 m in depth. Areas less than 3 m deep are completely covered by water lilies, which may contribute to the green tint of the lake as seen here.
Much of the swampy shoreline is covered with papyrus and water hyacinth. The papyrus also forms floating islands that drift between a number of small permanent islands.
Excessive El Niño rains in 1997-1998 resulted in exceptionally high water levels, causing large islands of papyrus and water hyacinth mats to become dislodged on the lake and to accumulate at the lake’s outlet into the Victoria Nile.
This blockage caused the water level to become even higher, flooding about 580 km² of the surrounding land and resulting in population displacement and severe socioeconomic damage.