Lake Ilmen and Novgorod, Russia
Lake Ilmen is a historically important lake in the Novgorod Oblast of Russia, formerly a vital part of the Trade route from the Varangians to the Greeks.
Its average surface area is 982 km², which may vary from 733 to 2,090 km² depending on water level. The water level is regulated by the Volkhov hydroelectric dam situated downstream the Volkhov River.
The lake is fed by 52 inflowing rivers, the four main ones being Msta, Pola, Lovat, Shelon and is drained through a single outlet, the Volkhov (upper left), into Lake Ladoga, and subsequently via the Neva into the Gulf of Finland.
The city of Novgorod (upper left) lies six kilometers below the lake’s outflow. It is an important historic city of northwestern Russia and the administrative center of Novgorod Oblast.
At the time of the 2002 census, its population was 216,856, a decrease from 229,126 in the 1989 census.