Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica
Here, the countries of Honduras (left), Nicaragua (center-right) and Costa Rica (bottom right) are lightly dotted by clouds.
Nicaragua is the largest state in Central America with an area of 130,000 km2, about the size of England. The country falls within the tropics and is bordered by Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south.
The Pacific Ocean lies to the west of the country, the Caribbean Sea to the east. The large body of water in the southern part of the country is Lake Nicaragua.
Geographically, Nicaragua is made up of three main regions: the Pacific Lowlands, the North-Central Highlands and the Atlantic Lowlands. The Pacific Lowlands are located in the west of the country, and consist of a broad, hot, fertile plain.
The North-Central Highlands are an upland region away from the Pacific coast, with a cooler climate than the Pacific Lowlands.
Finally, the Atlantic lowlands are a large rainforest region, irrigated by several large rivers and very sparsely populated.
To the northeast of Nicaragua is Honduras, with an area of just over 110,000 km². It is bordered to the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, and to the north by the Gulf of Honduras, a large inlet of the Caribbean Sea.
The Honduran climate varies from tropical in the lowlands to temperate in the mountains. The central and southern regions are relatively hotter and less humid than the northern coast.
Costa Rica lies south of Nicaragua, located on the Central American Isthmus and comprising a land area of 51,100 square kilometers (19,730 sq. mi). It borders both the Caribbean Sea (to the east) and the North Pacific Ocean (to the west), with a total of 1,290 kilometers (802 mi) of coastline.
Costa Rica protects 23% of its national territory within the Protected Areas system. It also possesses the greatest density of species in the world.