Great Caucasus Range and Turkey’s Pontic Range41.6N 42.0E
White snow and clouds cling to the peaks of two mountain ranges in this image: the Greater Caucasus Range, dividing Russia (above) and Georgia (below), and the Pontic Range, in Turkey.
The Pontic Range range runs roughly east-west through Turkey’s Black Sea Region, parallel and close to the southern coast of the Black Sea, and extends eastward to Georgia.
Access inland from the coast is limited to a few narrow valleys because mountain ridges, with elevations of 1,525 to 1,800 meters in the west and 3,000 to 4,000 meters in the east (in the Pontic Range’s Kaçkar Mountains), form an almost unbroken wall separating the coast from the interior.
Several lakes can also be observed here: Lake Van, in Turkey, and Lake Urmia, in northwestern Iran. Lake Van is dark blue in color, while Lake Urmia, to its southeast, is reddish and ringed by white salt flats.