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Frozen Lake Khanka, between Russia and China

March 12th, 2009 Category: Lakes

China-Russia border - March 4th, 2009

China-Russia border - March 4th, 2009

Close-up of Lake Khanka

Close-up of Lake Khanka

The terrain around the border of Russia (right) and China (left) appears snowy, particularly in the valley in the center and upper left.

Also covered by snow and ice is Khanka Lake,  is a transboundary freshwater body located on the border between Heilongjiang Province, Northeast China and Primorsky Krai, Russia. The lake is due north of the Russian port city of Vladivostock.

The area of the lake is 4,190 km², of which 3,030 km² are located in Russia, and 1,160 km² – in China.

Khanka Lake is actually comprised of two lakes separated by a 10m sandy hill. Its lake shores are swampy, except in the north-west.

The area around the lake is an important wetland habitat and forms a National Nature Reserve on the Chinese side and the Khanka Lake Nature Reserve on the Russian side.

It is a remarkable site for nature protection, eco-tourism as well as scientific research (concerning bird migrations). The rare Lesser White-fronted Goose makes its home upon this lake. The lake area located on Chinese territory belongs to the Chinese government and is exploited by collective farms for fishery, agriculture and livestock raising.

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