From Salt Deserts to Agriculture: Southwestern Bolivia and Northwestern Argentina20.1S 67.4W
Moving from west to east, Bolivia’s landscape changes from arid, high altitude desert, to the ridges of the Andes, to low, flat plains.
The desert area, near the border with Chile, includes the largest salt flat in the world, Salar de Uyuni, in the departments of Potosí and Oruro. North of the salt flat, in the Oruro department, is the greenish Lake Poopó, a large yet shallow saline body of water.
Much of the land in the lower right quadrant, on the other hand, is part of Argentina. The light tan patches on the plains, at the foot of the mountains, are agricultural areas in the province of Salta.
Agriculture and its derived industries are still an important activity in the province, adding over 10% to output. Tobacco, sugar cane and viticulture are the most important and produce most of the exports from the area. Other crops mostly for local consumption are maize, beans, citrus, bananas, and tomatoes.