Fortaleza and the Orós Reservoir in Brazil’s Ceará State
The city of Fortaleza, the capital of Brazil’s Ceará state, appears as an orange-tan area towards the center of the coastline. Located in Northeastern Brazil, Fortaleza has an area of 313 square kilometres (121 sq mi) and a population of over 3.4 million in its metropolitan region.
To the north of the city lies the Atlantic Ocean; to the south are the cities of Pacatuba, Eusébio, Maracanaú and Itaitinga; to the east is the county of Aquiraz and the Atlantic Ocean; and to the west is the city of Caucaia.
The land around Fortaleza is tropical forest with high rainfall of between 2,000 millimetres (79 in) and 1,700 millimetres (67 in) per year. The soil can be poor because high rainfall tends to leech out soluble nutrients.
South of the city, several large reservoirs can be seen, including the Orós Reservoir (surrounded by clouds on three sides, near the bottom center), the second-largest reservoir in Ceará. It was constructed in 1960 by damming the Jaguaribe River. The waters of the reservoir are used for irrigation upstream.