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Crater Lake in Mount Mazama Caldera, USA

42.9N 122W

January 18th, 2011 Category: Lakes, Volcanoes

USA - December 25th, 2010

This orthorectified image focuses on Mount Mazama, a destroyed stratovolcano in the Oregon part of the Cascade Volcanic Arc and the Cascade Range. The volcano’s collapsed caldera holds Crater Lake, and the entire mountain is located within Crater Lake National Park.

Mazama was destroyed by a volcanic eruption that occurred around 5,677 (± 150) BC. The eruption reduced Mazama’s approximate 14000 ft height by around a mile (1600 m). Much of the volcano fell into the volcano’s partially emptied neck and magma chamber. At 8,159 feet (2,487 m), Hillman Peak is now the highest point on the rim.

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