Chile, from the Antofagasta Region to the Los Lagos Region36.6S 72.1W
The Andes Mountains run vertically through the center of this image, separating Chile (west) from Argentina (east). Upon opening the full image, much of the coast of Chile is visible, stretching from the Antofagasta Region in the north to the Los Lagos Region in the south.
The Antofagasta Region has a mostly desert climate, part of the Atacama Desert, with variations in the amount of annual rainfall from the coast to the highland desert. This varies greatly from the Los Lagos Region, which generally has a natural vegatation of Valdivian temperate rain forest. The coastal part, except for south of Chiloé Island, has a temperate climate with cold winter rain. To the south, the climate is characterized by constant rain and not having dry seasons.
Across the Andes in Argentina, in the lower right corner, is the Ezequiel Ramos Mexía Reservoir, created by the El Chocón Dam on the Limay River in northwestern Argentine Patagonia. The dam is used to regulate the flow of the Limay River, for irrigation, and for the generation of hydroelectricity.