Cahora Bassa Lake, Mozambique
The Cahora Bassa lake is Africa’s fourth-largest artificial lake, situated in the Tete Province in Mozambique. Here, the western part of the lake appears tan from sediments, while the eastern part is green from phytoplankton growth, including various species of green and blue-green algae.
The lake has reached a maximum length and width of approximately 250 km and 38 km respectively, flooding an area of 2,700 km² with an average depth of 20.9 m.
In Africa, only Lake Volta in Ghana, Lake Kariba, on the Zambezi upstream of Cahora Bassa, and Egypt’s Aswan dam are bigger in terms of surface water.
The Cahora Bassa Dam system is the largest hydroelectric scheme in southern Africa with the powerhouse containing 5 x 415MW turbines.
It is one of the three major dams on the Zambezi river system, the others being Kariba and Itezhi-Tezhi (although the latter is not on the main stream of the Zambezi, but on its tributary the Kafue River).