Volcanoes and Volcanic Fields in Eritrea and Djibouti – July 12th, 200912.5N 42.5E
The prominent features of this orthorectified ASAR (radar) image of Eritrea and Djibouti include the Mousa Ali Volcano and the Gufa Volcano volcanic field (both in bottom left quadrant) and the Asseb Volcano volcanic field (top right quadrant).
The Mousa Ali Volcano is a stratovolcano located in the Southern Red Sea region on the borders of Eritrea and Djibouti. At 2,028 m (6,654 ft), the volcano is the highest point in Djibouti.
The volcano’s summit is truncated by a caldera, which contains rhyolitic lava domes and lava flows. The last known eruption occurred during the Holocene era.
Northeast of this large volcano is the Gufa Volcano, a volcanic field located in the Southern Red Sea Region of Eritrea near the border with Ethiopia. The peak elevation is 600m, where lava flows are visible. The last eruption of the volcano was inferred to be during the holocene era.
The Asseb Volcano is a volcanic field located in the Southern Red Sea Region of Eritrea. Its peak elevation is 987 m. Like the Mousa Ali Volcano, the most recently identified eruption occurred during the Holocene era.