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Villarica City, Lake and Volcano in Chile – November 19th, 2011

39.2S 72.2W

November 19th, 2011 Category: Image of the day, Lakes, Volcanoes

Chile - November 15th, 2011

This orthorectified image shows various bodies of water in the Andes Mountains, in Chile’s Lake District. The large lake near the center is Lake Villarrica, in the southeast area of the Province of Cautín. On its west shores lies the city of Villarica, and on the east shore lies the city of Pucón, both of which appear as small white areas.

The Villarrica Volcano, one of the ten most active in the world, is situated to the south of the lake. It is the westernmost of three large stratovolcanoes that trend perpendicular to the Andean chain along the Gastre Fault.

Villarrica, with its lava of basaltic-andesitic composition, is one of only five volcanoes worldwide known to have an active lava lake within its crater. The volcano usually generates strombolian eruptions, with ejection of incandescent pyroclasts and lava flows. Melting of snow and glacier ice as well as rainfalls often cause massive lahars (mud and debris flows).

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