The Sea of Azov and the Crimean Peninsula – April 13th, 2009
The Sea of Azov is the world’s shallowest sea, linked by the Strait of Kerch to the Black Sea to the south. It is bounded on the north by Ukraine, on the east by Russia and on the west by the Crimean peninsula.
The sea is 340 kilometres (210 mi) long and 135 kilometres (84 mi) wide and has an area of 37,555 square kilometres (14,500 sq mi).
The main rivers flowing into it are the Don and Kuban; they ensure that the waters of the sea have comparatively low salinity and are almost fresh in places, and also bring in huge volumes of silt. Here, such silt appears greenish yellow and is particularly intense along the northern shores.
To the west also lie the 110 kilometres (68 mi) long Arabat Spit and the highly saline marshy inlets of the Sivash Sea on the border of the Crimean Peninsula.
The Sea of Azov is the shallowest sea in the world with an average depth of 13 metres (43 ft) and maximum depth of 15.3 metres (50 ft); where silt has built up, such as the Gulf of Taganrog, the average depth is less than 1 metre (3 ft).