The Salty Lake Tuz, Turkey – January 19th, 2009
Lake Tuz (Turkish: Tuz Gölü meaning Salt Lake) is the second biggest lake in Turkey, located in the Central Anatolia region.
As its primarily light tan color indicates, for most of the year the lake is very shallow (1-2 m).
It is normally 80 km long and 50 km wide, with an area of 1,600 km², at an elevation of 905 m above sea level.
The lake, occupying a tectonic depression in the central plateau of Turkey, is fed by two major streams, groundwater, and surface water, but has no outlet. Brackish marshes have formed where channels and streams enter the lake.
It is extremely saline and during the summer, when most of the water in the lake dries up and exposes an average of 30 cm thick salt layer.
During winter part of the salt is re-dissolved in the fresh water that is introduced to the lake by precipitation and surface runoff.
The dark blue, non saline lake just north of Lake Tuz is Lake Hirfanli, created by the Hirfanli Dam.
To see other lakes in Turkey, click here.