The Republic of the Fiji Islands – April 7th, 2009
Fiji, officially the Republic of the Fiji Islands, is an island nation in the South Pacific Ocean. It is east of Vanuatu, west of Tonga and south of Tuvalu.
The country occupies an archipelago of about 322 islands, of which 106 are permanently inhabited, 522 islets, and coral reefs, all of which can be seen in the close-up. The two major islands, Viti Levu (below), where the capital city Suva is located, and Vanua Levu (above), account for 87% of the population.
Fiji covers a total area of some 194 000 square kilometres of which around 10% is land. The 180° meridian runs through Taveuni but the International Dateline is bent conviniently to give uniform time to all of the Fiji group.
The islands are mountainous, with peaks up to 1,300 metres (4,250 ft), and covered with thick tropical forests. The climate in Fiji is tropical and warm most of the year round.