The Mediterranean Islands of Sardinia and Corsica – March 2nd, 2009
Sardinia (in Italian: Sardegna) is the second-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily), with an area of 24,090 square kilometres (9,301 sq mi).
The island is surrounded by the French island of Corsica to the North, from which it is separated by the the Strait of Bonifacio, and the Italian Peninsula to the East.
Sardinia is a constitutional part of Italy, with a special statute of regional autonomy under the Italian Constitution.
Sardinia is a generally mountainous island with a few coastal plains. The island’s mountains are divided into three ranges; the highest peaks are in the middle section of the island.
The island has a Mediterranean climate, with hot, dry, windy summers and very mild winters. The climate in the mountains tends to be wetter and cooler than the lower coastal plains; and winter snowfalls are not uncommon in the higher peaks. Here, some snow caps one peak near the center of the island.
Corsica (in French: Corse) is the fourth largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. It is one of the 26 regions of France, although strictly speaking Corsica is designated as a “territorial collectivity” by law.
Corsica is 183 kilometres (114 mi) long at longest, 83 kilometres (52 mi) wide at widest, has 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) of coastline, more than 200 beaches, and is very mountainous. Here, the mountains near the east coast are clearly visible, while the west coast is partially obscured by a triangular cloud formation.