Surabaya on the Shores of East Java, Indonesia – February 27th, 20127.2S 112.7E
Visible on the coast of Java as a white area in this orthorectified wide-swath ASAR image is Surabaya, Indonesia’s second-largest city with a population of over 2.7 million (5.6 million in the metropolitan area). It is the capital of the province of East Java. It is located on the northern shore of eastern Java at the mouth of the Mas River and along the edge of the Madura Strait.
Java is almost entirely of volcanic origin; it contains thirty-eight mountains forming an east-west spine which have at one time or another been active volcanoes. Several of these can be seen in a row down the center of the island, although Surabaya lies along the coastal plain. More mountains and highlands help to split the interior into a series of relatively isolated regions.