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Summer Landscape of Sicily – July 29th, 2009

37.3N 14.6E

July 29th, 2009 Category: Image of the day

Italy - July 26th, 2009

Italy - July 26th, 2009

Sicily is the autonomous region of Italy with the greatest land area, at 25,708 square kilometres (9,926 sq mi), and also the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. Sicily is directly adjacent to the Italian region of Calabria, via the Strait of Messina to the east.

Sicily’s position means that it enjoys a Mediterranean climate with mild to warm, wet winters and warm to hot, dry summers. The Sicilian terrain in this image, taken midsummer, appears mostly tan in color. The lack of sediments flowing into the surrounding sea also indicates that there has not been significant rainfall recently.

Sicily and its small surrounding islands are highly significant in the area of volcanology. Mount Etna, located in the east, is the only volcano on mainland Sicily; with a height of 3,320 m (10,900 ft) it is the tallest active volcano in Europe and one of the most active in the world.

As well as Etna, there are several non-volcanic mountain ranges in Sicily: Sicani to the west, Eeri in the central area and Hyblaean in the south-east. Across the north of Sicily there are three others: Madonie, Nebrodi and Peloritani.

The Aeolian Islands to the north-east are volcanically significant with Stromboli currently active, also in the Tyrrhenian Sea are the three dormant volcanos of Vulcano, Vulcanello and Lipari.

Off the Southern coast of Sicily, to the right, the island country of Malta is visible as well.

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