Spain and Northern Morocco – March 29th, 2009
Spain is a country located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. With an area of 504,030 km², it is the second largest country in Western Europe after France.
Its mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west by the Atlantic Ocean and Portugal.
Spanish territory also includes the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean off the African coast, and two autonomous cities in North Africa, Ceuta and Melilla, that border Morocco.
Northern Morocco and the aforementioned autonomous cities are visible in the below part of the image, separated from Spain by the Strait of Gibraltar. Part of northwestern Algeria is also visible on the lower right. Some dust can be seen east of Morocco, blowing from the desert over the Atlantic Ocean.
The lack of clouds makes it possible to see the differences in the Spanish terrain, from lush green vegetation to orange, arid areas. The country has, in fact, four different climate zones.
Spain has a Continental Mediterranean climate in the inland areas of the peninsula, including Madrid.
A Mediterranean climate region extends from the Andalusian plain along the southern and eastern coasts up to the Pyrenees, on the seaward side of the mountain ranges that run near the coast, including Barcelona. These mountains receive warm winds from the Saharas called Leveche, also known as Sirocco.
In Galicia and the coastal strip near the Bay of Biscay and Bilbao, there is an Oceanic climate. This area is often called Green Spain, as one may have guessed from the color of the vegetation in the image.
Finally, the Canary Islands enjoy a Subtropical climate, with high humidity.