Sediments in the Strait of Gibraltar and Mountains of Morocco – January 18th, 201035.9N 5.5W
Sediments frame the western coasts of Morocco (below) and Spain (above) and flow from the Atlantic Ocean (left) through the Strait of Gibraltar into the Mediterranean Sea (right). Although water moves in both directions between the two bodies of water, on the whole and over time, the balance of the water flow is eastwards, due to an evaporation rate within the Mediterranean basin that is higher than the combined inflow of all the rivers that empty into it.
To the south, the Atlas Mountains can be seen running diagonally across Morocco and into Algeria. The entire range extends about 2,500 km (1,500 miles), all the way east to Tunisia. The Sahara Desert can be observed below this range. Another shorter range, the Rif Mountains, are visible just below the strait. These mountains are not part of the Atlas chain.