Sediments Framing the Guajira Peninsula, Colombia and Venezuela – January 14th, 201012.4N 71.6W
The Guajira Peninsula, or Peninsula de La Guajira in Spanish, is a peninsula in northern Colombia and northwestern Venezuela in the Caribbean Sea. Upon opening the full image, sediments can be seen framing the entire coastline and diffusing into the Gulf of Venezuela to the East.
It is the northernmost peninsula in South America and has an area of 25,000 km² (5500 square miles) extending from the Manaure Bay (Colombia) to the Calabozo Ensenada in the Gulf of Venezuela (Venezuela), and from the Caribbean Sea to the Serrania del Perija mountains range. The northernmost part of the peninsula is called Punta Gallinas and is also considered the northernmost part of mainland South America.
It was the subject of a dispute between Venezuela and Colombia in 1891, and on arbitration was awarded to the latter and joined to its Magdalena Department. Nowadays, most of the territory is part of Colombia, making part of the Department of La Guajira, while the remaining strip pertains to the Venezuelan State of Zulia.