Sediments Along Coast of Perak, Malaysia – April 1st, 2009
Perak is one of Malaysia’s 13 states, bordered by the Strait of Malacca to the West. Its other borders are shared by the state of Kedah and Thailand’s Yala Province to the north, and the Malaysian states of Penang to the northwest, Kelantan and Pahang to the east, and Selangor to the south.
Perak, meaning silver in Malay, covers an area of 21,006 km², making up 6.4 percent of total land banks in Malaysia. It is the second largest Malaysian state on the Malay Peninsula, and the fourth in the whole of Malaysia.
Perak’s days are warm and sunny, while its nights are cool the whole year through, with occasional rains in the evenings. Temperature is fairly constant, that is, from 23°C to 33°C, with humidity often more than 82.3 percent. Annual rainfall measures at 3,218 mm.
Here, sediments stream into the Strait of Malacca from several rivers, including the Perak River, below the center. The Perak is the second longest river in Peninsular Malaysia. A number of towns are on its banks, including the royal town of Kuala Kangsar.
While the Perak spills golden yellow sediments into the strait, the sediments from the Bernam River, just to its south, marking the border between the states of Perak and Selangor, are reddish-brown in color.
Bernam River flows from Mount Liang Timur in the east on the Titiwangsa Mountains to the Straits of Malacca in the west. The peak of Mount Liang Timur itself marks the point where Pahang, Perak and Selangor meet.
The eastern part of the river is suitable for palm oil and rubber tree plantation while swamps fill the western areas. A percentage of the swampy areas have been reclaimed and dried up by a drainage system. Some have been converted into paddy fields.