Plateaus and Mountains of the Iberian Peninsula – August 10th, 201139.3N 4.6W
Much of the coastline of the Iberian Peninsula is visible in this image, with the Atlantic Ocean visible along the coast of Portugal (left) and the Mediterranean Sea along that of Spain (right). The peninsula is separated from Morocco (below) by the Strait of Gibraltar.
While many plateaus and valleys on the peninsula appear tan in color, they are dissected or framed by brown and green mountain ranges, particularly on Spain’s Meseta Central.
The Meseta Central is a vast plateau in the heart of peninsular Spain that has elevations that range from 610 to 760 m. Rimmed by mountains, the Meseta Central slopes gently to the west and to the series of rivers that form some of the border with Portugal. The Sistema Central, described as the “dorsal spine” of the Meseta Central, divides the Meseta into northern and southern subregions, the former higher in elevation and smaller in area than the latter.