Pakistan and the Indus River Valley – April 12th, 2009
Pakistan is a country located in South Asia and borders Central Asia and the Middle East. It is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, the Republic of India in the east and the People’s Republic of China in the far northeast.
It has a 1,046 kilometre (650 mile) coastline along the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south.
Pakistan covers 340,403 square miles (881,640 km2). Its eastern regions are located on the Indian tectonic plate and the western and northern regions on the Iranian plateau and Eurasian landplate.
The northern and western highlands of Pakistan contain the towering Karakoram and Pamir mountain ranges, which include some of the world’s highest peaks. The Baluchistan Plateau lies to the west, and the Thar Desert and an expanse of alluvial plains, the Punjab and Sind, lie to the east.
The 1,000-mile-long (1,609-km) Indus River and its tributaries flow through the country from the Kashmir region to the Arabian Sea. The Indus River Valley is visible here as a thick, green curved line reaching the sea near Karachi.