New York City, USA – October 9th, 2008
In this image, we can see Long Island (the large island in the center), New York City (partially sharing the western end of Long Island), and their surrounding areas.
New York City is located in the Northeastern United States, in the southeastern part of New York State, at the mouth of the Hudson River. The Hudson River flows through the Hudson Valley into New York Bay, and separates the city from the state of New Jersey. Another river, the East River (which is actually a tidal strait) flows from Long Island Sound and separates the Bronx and Manhattan from Long Island. Finally, the Harlem River (also a tidal strait, between the East and Hudson Rivers) separates Manhattan from the Bronx.
The city’s land area, an estimated 304.8 square miles (789.43 km2), is mostly made up of three islands: Manhattan, Staten Island and Long Island. The city is divided into five boroughs: the Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island. The lack of land encourages a high population density; in fact, New York is the most populous city in the United States, with an estimated 2007 population of 8,274,527 people.
New York’s climate is classified as humid subtropical according to the Köppen classification. In the summer it tends to be hot and humid, with average high temperatures of 79–84°F (26–29°C) and lows of 63–69°F (17–21°C). In the winter it is usually cold, with high temperatures of just above freezing and lows of just below freezing. Spring and autumn are less predictable, ranging from cool to hot, but they are usually mild with low humidity.
Temperature extremes do occur, with temperatures rising above 90°F (32°C) on an average of 20–25 days each year, and dropping down to 10°F (–12°C) during a few days each winter. On average, New York has 234 sunny days a year. The annual precipitation is around 46 inches (117 cm), and average winter snowfall is around 25 inches (63.5 cm), though the latter may vary considerably.