Mountains of Sicily and Calabria, Italy – December 12th, 200938.0N 15.5E
Part of the region of Calabria is visible to the upper right in this orthorectified image, at the very south of the Italian peninsula. It is connected to the rest of Italy by the Monte Pollino massif, while on the east, south and west it is surrounded by the Ionian and Tyrrhenian seas.
The region is a long and narrow peninsula which stretches from north to south for 248 km, with a maximum width of 110 km. Some 42% of Calabria’s area, corresponding to 15,081 km2, is mountainous, 49% is hilly, while plains occupy only 9% of the region’s territory.
It is separated from Sicily by the Strait of Messina, where the narrowest point between Capo Peloro in Sicily and Punta Pezzo in Calabria is only 3.2 km.
The island of Sicily is also characterized by a densely mountainous landscape. The main mountain ranges are Madonie and Nebrodi in the north and Peloritani in the north-east, whereas the south-eastern Hyblaean are considered geologically as a continuation of the Italian Apennines. The volcano Mount Etna is located near the eastern shores.