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Mountains and Lakes Near Caspian Sea’s Absheron Peninsula – September 30th, 2010

40.4N 49.0E

September 30th, 2010 Category: Image of the day, Lakes, Rivers, Salt Flats

Caspian Sea - August 29th, 2010

The Absheron peninsula in Azerbaijan juts out into the Caspian Sea on the right side of this image. It extends 37 miles (60 km) eastward into the sea, and reaches a maximum width of 19 miles (30 km).

Though technically the easternmost extension of the Caucasus Mountains, whose white peaks are visible running diagonally across the image towards the peninsula, its landscape is only mildly hilly. Most of the peninsula is a gently undulating plain that ends in a long spit of sand dunes known as Shah Dili, and now declared the Absheron National Park. In this part the peninsula is dissected by ravines and characterized by frequent salt lakes.

Two large lakes can be observed in west of the peninsula and south of the mountains: the Mingachevir Reservoir in Azerbaijan, greenish blue, and Lake Sevan in Armenia, dark blue and closer to the left edge. Also visible in the bottom left corner (completely visible in the full image) is Lake Urmia, in Iran, whose shores are ringed by white salt flats.

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