Mount Vesuvius, Italy – October 25th, 2008
In the center of this image, just off the shoreline, we can see the Mount Vesuvius volcano. Near the coastline we can also the city of Naples and the ruins of Pompeii, as well as the island of Ischia, the Gulf of Naples and the Gulf of Salerno.
Mount Vesuvius is an active stratovolcano about 9km (6mi) east of Naples, Italy, and a short distance from the shore.
It is the only volcano on the European mainland to have erupted within the last hundred years, although it is not currently erupting. In the image, it appears calm, as a brown-green mound with no plumes of smoke arising from the cone.
The two other volcanoes in Italy, (Etna and Stromboli) are located on islands.
Mount Vesuvius is best known for its eruption in AD 79 that led to the destruction of the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum.
It has erupted many times since and is today regarded as one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world because of the population of 3,000,000 people now living close to it and its tendency towards explosive eruptions. It is the most densely populated volcanic region in the world.