Mount Cameroon and the Bight of Bonny, Cameroon – January 26th, 2009
The Republic of Cameroon is a unitary republic of central and western Africa.
It has great geological and cultural diversity, with natural features including beaches, deserts, mountains, rainforests, and savannas.
Cameroon’s coastline lies on the Bight of Bonny, part of the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. The radar imaging allows the water movements in the bight to be seen, both from the outflow of the rivers, which appears light grey, and from the gulf currents.
Rising steeply near the coastline, Mount Cameroon is a striking geographical feature of the country. It is an active volcano and has more frequent eruptions than any other West African volcano.
It is also one of Africa’s largest volcanoes, rising to 4,040 metres (13,255 ft) above the coast of west Cameroon. It rises from the coast through tropical rainforest to a bare summit which is cold, windy, and occasionally brushed with snow.
The massive steep-sided volcano of dominantly basaltic-to-trachybasaltic composition forms a volcanic horst constructed above a basement of Precambrian metamorphic rocks covered with Cretaceous to Quaternary sediments.
More than 100 small cinder cones, often fissure-controlled parallel to the long axis of the massive 1,400 km³ (336 mi³) volcano, occur on the flanks and surrounding lowlands.
It is also known as Cameroon Mountain or Fako (the name of the higher of its two peaks) or by its native name Mongo ma Ndemi (“Mountain of Greatness”). A large satellitic peak, Etinde (also known as Little Mount Cameroon), is located on the southern flank near the coast.