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Mayotte and Sediments from Sofia and Betsiboka Rivers Off Coast of Madagascar – September 21st, 2012

14.7S 46.8E

September 21st, 2012 Category: Image of the day, Rivers

Madagascar – September 16th, 2012

Rivers along the coast of Madagascar release rusty red sediments into the Mozambique Channel. Here, sediments can be seen spilling forth from the Sofia River (center, right) and the Betsiboka River (center, left). The sediments’ distinct red color is due to the red lateritic soils in Madagascar’s central highlands.

Visible by the top edge of the image is Mayotte, an overseas department and region of France consisting of a main island, Grande-Terre (or Mahoré), a smaller island, Petite-Terre (or Pamanzi), and several islets around these two. The archipelago is located in the northern Mozambique Channel in the Indian Ocean, namely between northwestern Madagascar and northeastern Mozambique. Mayotte’s area is 374 square kilometres (144 sq mi) and, with its estimated 194,000 people, is very densely populated (520 /km2 or 1,300 /sq mi).

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