Lakes Nicaragua and Managua, and Gulf of Fonseca, Along Nicaraguan Coast – November 27th, 201112.1N 86.2W
Visible along the southern coast of Central America are the Gulf of Fonseca, Lake Managua and Lake Nicaragua (northwest to southeast along the coast). The Gulf of Fonseca, part of the Pacific Ocean, borders El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua. It covers an area of approximately 3,200 square kilometres (1,200 sq mi), with a coastline that extends for 261 kilometres (162 mi), of which 185 kilometres (115 mi) are in Honduras, 40 kilometres (25 mi) in Nicaragua, and 29 kilometres (18 mi) in El Salvador.
Lake Managua (also known as Lake Xolotlán) is a lake in Nicaragua. At 1,042 km², it is approximately 65 km long and 25 km wide. The city of Managua, the capital of Nicaragua, lies on its southwestern shore. The lake has been severely polluted, mostly by decades of sewage being dumped into the lake.
Lake Nicaragua is a vast freshwater lake of tectonic origin, located, as the name might suggest, in Nicaragua. With an area of 8264 km2, it is the largest lake in Central America, the 19th largest lake in the world (by area) and the 9th largest in the Americas. It is slightly smaller than Lake Titicaca. With an elevation of 32.7 m above sea level, the lake reaches a depth of 26 m. It is intermittently joined by the Tipitapa River to Lake Managua.