Lake Turkana and Lake Kyoga near the Kenya-Uganda Border – March 9th, 2009
Two lakes are located near the border between Kenya (right) and Uganda (left).
Lake Turkana is on the Kenyan side, located in the Great Rift Valley, with its far northern end crossing into Ethiopia.
It is the world’s largest permanent desert lake and the world’s largest alkaline lake. By volume it is the world’s fourth largest salt lake.
The rocks of the surrounding area are predominantly volcanic. Outcrops and rocky shores are found on the east and south shores of the lake, while dunes, spits and flats are on the West and North, at a lower elevation.
In the close-up, water movement through sediments creates a ripple-pattern on the surface.
On the Ugandan side, Lake Kyoga has an area of about 1,720 km² and is at an elevation of 914 m. The lake reaches its maximum depth at about 5.7 meters, although most of it is less than 4 m in depth.
Lake Kyoga is surrounded by extensive wetlands fed by a complex system of streams and rivers. Dark green algae is present throughout much of the lake, although the particularly bright green patches along the shoreline in the shallowest areas may be from mats of water lilies, papyrus and/or water hyacinth.
Due east of Lake Kyoga stands Mount Elgon, an extinct shield volcano on the border of Uganda and Kenya. It is the oldest and largest solitary volcano in East Africa, covering an area of around 3500 km².