Lake Chad – November 4th, 2008
Chad, officially known as the Republic of Chad, is a landlocked country in central Africa. It is bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon and Nigeria to the southwest, and Niger to the west. Due to its distance from the sea and its largely desert climate, the country is sometimes referred to as the “Dead Heart of Africa”.
Lake Chad, after which the country is named, is the largest wetland in Chad and the second largest in Africa. In this image, we can see Lake Chad on a virtually cloudless day. The rivers below the lake are the two largest in Chad, the Logone River (left) and the Chari River (right).
N’Djamena (formerly Fort-Lamy), visible south of Lake Chad and north in the close-up to the right, is Chad’s capital and its the largest city. In the lower segment of the close-up, we can see where the Logone and Chari Rivers converge.
Chad is divided into three major geographical regions: a desert zone in the north (where Chad’s highest peak, the Emi Koussi in the Sahara, can be found) an arid Sahelian belt in the centre and a more fertile Sudanese savanna zone in the south. In the image, we can see where the northern desert zone turns into the Sahelian belt.