Khartoum and Gezira Scheme by Nile River in Sudan – January 9th, 201215.5N 32.5E
Situated near the top edge of this orthorectified wide-swath ASAR image is Khartoum, the capital and largest city of Sudan and of Khartoum State. It is located at the confluence of the White Nile flowing north from Lake Victoria, and the Blue Nile flowing west from Ethiopia. The location where the two Niles meet is known as “al-Mogran”.
Visible just southeast of the confluence of the Blue and White Nile Rivers at Khartoum is the Gezira Scheme, one of the largest irrigation projects in the world. It distributes water from the Blue Nile through canals and ditches to tenant farms lying between the the two rivers. The Gezira is particularly suited to irrigation because the soil slopes away from the Blue Nile and water therefore naturally runs through the irrigation canals by gravity.