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Jakarta and Nearby Volcanic Summits, Indonesia – October 4th, 2009

6.2S 106.8E

October 4th, 2009 Category: Image of the day, Volcanoes

Indonesia - September 6th, 2009

Indonesia - September 6th, 2009

Jakarta, the capital and largest city of Indonesia, has an area of 661.52 square kilometres (255.41 sq mi) and a population of 8,489,910. It is located on the northwestern coast of Java, at the mouth of the Ciliwung River on Jakarta Bay, which is an inlet of the Java Sea.

The northern part of Jakarta is constituted on a plain land, approximately eight meters above the sea level. This contributes to the frequent flooding. The southern parts of the city are hilly.

There are about thirteen rivers flowing through Jakarta, mostly flowing from the hilly southern parts of the city northwards towards the Java Sea. The most important river is the Ciliwung River, which divides the city into the western and eastern principalities.

South of the city, two large summits are visible in this orthorectified image: Mount Salak (lower left) and Mount Gede (bottom center).

Mount Salak is an eroded volcanic range in West Java. Several satellite cones occur on the southeast flank and on the northern foot. Two craters are found at the summit.

Mount Gede, or Gunung Gede, is a stratovolcano in West Java. The volcano contains two peaks: Mount Gede and Mount Pangrango. Seven craters are located in the complex: Baru, Gumuruh (2,927 m), Lanang (2,800 m), Kawah Leutik, Ratu (2,800 m), Sela (2,709 m) and Wadon (2,600 m).

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