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Heavy Sediments from Wide Mouth of Amazon River, Brazil – August 31st, 2010

0.1N 50.2W

August 31st, 2010 Category: Image of the day, Rivers, Sediments

Brazil - August 27th, 2010

The Amazon River in South America is the second longest river in the world after the Nile. It is 4,080 miles long and runs from the Andes Mountains in Peru through Brazil to the Atlantic Ocean.

Here, it can be seen at its mouth, where it is releasing a heavy load of sediments into the Atlantic. Despite the clouds dotted over the Brazilian terrain, the channels of the river and its mouth can be observed quite clearly.

It contains more water than any other river in the world- more than the Mississippi, the Nile and the Yangtze combined. In one second the Amazon pours more than 55 million gallons, or 600,000 cubic meters of water, into the Atlantic Ocean, which dilutes the ocean’s saltiness for 100 miles from shore.

The Amazon is the widest river in the world. Many kilometers inland from its mouth it can be as wide as 11 kilometers, and 40 kilometers in the wet season; at the place where it meets the Atlantic, it is as much as 325 kilometers. It is interesting that it is widening by as much as 2 meters a year due to waves from ships breaking down the banks.

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