Gulf of Aden – November 22nd, 2008
We have here a clear view of the Gulf of Aden, located in the Arabian Sea between Yemen on the south coast of the Arabian Peninsula and Djibouti and Somalia in the Horn of Africa.
In the northwest, it connects with the Red Sea through the Bab-el-Mandeb strait. The main ports along the Gulf are Aden in Yemen, and Zeila, Berbera, and Bosaso in Somalia.
The Gulf of Aden is a vital waterway for shipping, especially for Persian Gulf oil, making it an integral waterway in the world economy. Approximately 11 percent of the world’s seaborne petroleum passes through the Gulf of Aden on its way to the Suez Canal or to regional refineries.
The temperature of the Gulf of Aden varies between 15 °C (59 °F) and 28 °C (82 °F), depending on the season and the appearance of monsoons.
The salinity of the Gulf at 10 metres (33 ft) depth varies from 35.3 ‰ along the eastern Somali coast to as high as 37.3 ‰ in the Gulf’s center.
A geologically young body of water, the Gulf of Aden has a unique biodiversity that contains many varieties of fish, coral, seabirds, and invertebrates.
This rich ecological diversity has benefited from a relative lack of pollution during the history of human habitation around the Gulf, but environmental groups fear that the lack of a coordinated effort to control pollution may jeopardize the Gulf’s ecosphere.