Greece: Diverse Landscape, Diverse Climate – March 14th, 2009
The country of Greece and its numerous islands are located in southern Europe, on the southern end of the Balkan peninsula.
Greece is surrounded on the north by Bulgaria, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Albania; to the west by the Ionian Sea; to the south by the Mediterranean Sea and to the east by the Aegean Sea and Turkey.
Sediments can be seen flowing into the seas from Greece’s rivers, particularly those with mouths along the Ionian Sea (top left).
The country consists of a large mainland; the Peloponnese, a peninsula connected to the southern tip of the mainland by the Isthmus of Corinth; and around 3000 islands, including Crete, Rhodes, Corfu, the Dodecanese and the Cyclades. Greece has 15000 kilometres (9300 miles) of coastline.
The country’s range in latitude means it has considerable climatic variation. Its climate is divided into three classes: a Mediterranean climate (mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers), an alpine climate (found in the higher altitudes), and a temperate climate (cold, damp winters and hot, dry summers).