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Geographic Features of Spain on the Iberian Peninsula – August 13th, 2010

40.4N 3.7W

August 13th, 2010 Category: Image of the day, Mountains

Spain and Portugal - July 30th, 2010

This image shows the countries of Spain (center, right) and Portugal (left) on the Iberian Peninsula. Spain comprises about 84 percent of the peninsula.

Part of France is visible in the upper right corner, beyond the Pyrenees. This mountain range extends 435 km (270 mi) from the Mediterranean to the Bay of Biscay.

In the extreme south of Spain lies the Strait of Gibraltar, which separate Spain and the rest of Europe from Morocco in north Africa; at its narrowest extent, Spain and Morocco are separated by only 13 km (8.1 mi). Part of Morocco can be seen across the strait, at the bottom of the image.

The majority of Spain’s peninsular region consists of the Meseta Central, a highland plateau rimmed and dissected by mountain ranges. The plateau appears tan in color, while the mountain ranges appear dark brown and green.

Other landforms include narrow coastal plains and some lowland river valleys, the most prominent of which is the Andalusian Plain in the southwest. Many river valleys contain agricultural areas whose green fields can be seen in the full image.

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