El Vizcaíno Biosphere Reserve on the Baja California Peninsula, Mexico – December 15th, 200927.7N 114.2W
The El Vizcaíno Biosphere Reserve, created in 1988, is located at the center of the Baja California Peninsula between the Pacific Ocean and Sea of Cortez (or Gulf of California). Located around the body of water just below the image center, with a landmass of over 55,555 square-mile (143,600 square km), it is the largest wildlife refuge in all of Latin America.
The animals and plants of this territory have adapted themselves to the region’s extreme desert conditions with little rainfall, intense winds and an ecosystem which has produced thousands of endemic species of plants and animal life found no where else in the world.
Animals that have adapted to these extreme conditions include a variety of nocturnals such as coyotes, rodents, and hares. The Vizcaíno is also the habitat of the Desert Bighorn Sheep, Baja California Pronghorn, Mule deer, and dozens of resident and migratory birds. On the coastline and islets there are four species of sea turtles and many marine mammals, such as Northern Elephant Seals, California Sea Lions, dolphins, and Gray Whales.