Diverse Terrain of Central Mexico and Lake Chapala – February 5th, 201020.3N 103W
The diverse landscape of central Mexico, ranging from desert to mountains to fertile coastal areas, is exemplified in this image. The mountains of the Sierra Madre Oriental run down the eastern side of the country, closer to the Gulf of Mexico, while those of the Sierra Madre Occidental run down the western side, closer to the Pacific Ocean. Between the two is the Altiplano area.
Also of note are several large lakes and lagoons, the most prominent of which is Lake Chapala, Mexico’s largest freshwater lake, in the lower left quadrant. It is located 45 km southeast of Guadalajara, Jalisco, and is situated on the border between the states of Jalisco and Michoacán, at 1,524 metres above sea level. Its approximate dimensions are 80 km from east to west and 18 km from north to south, and it covers a total of some 1,100 km². It is a shallow lake, with a mean depth of 4.5 metres and a maximum of 10.5.