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Crater of Eyjafjallajökull Volcano, Iceland – April 18th, 2010

63.5N 19.6W

April 18th, 2010 Category: Image of the day, Volcanoes

Iceland - April 14th, 2010

Iceland - April 14th, 2010

This orthorectified image shows the Eyjafjallajökull glacier (pronounced [ˈɛɪjaˌfjatlaˌjœːkʏtl̥], translated “island-mountains glacier”), one of the smaller glaciers of Iceland. It is situated to the north of Skógar and to the west of the larger glacier Mýrdalsjökull (dark area, right).

The icecap of the glacier covers a volcano (1,666 metres or 5,466 ft in height) which has erupted relatively frequently since the Ice Age. The volcano erupted twice in 2010, on 20 March and 15 April. The April eruption caused massive disruption to air traffic across Northern Europe, while scientists claimed it was ten to twenty times more powerful than the March event.

The crater of the volcano, visible near the center of the image, near the shoreline and the river, has a diameter of 3–4 kilometres (1.9–2.5 mi) and the glacier covers an area of about 100 square kilometres (39 sq mi).

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