Climate Change and Fluctuating Water Levels in Lake Victoria, East Africa – April 5th, 20131.2S 32.7E
Lake Victoria (below) is the second largest fresh water lake in the world and is shared by three East African States: Kenya (6%), Tanzania (52%) and Uganda (42%). The lake has a total length of 3,440 kms and 240 kms wide from East to West and is 1,134 meters above sea level with maximum depth of 82m. Its surface area is 68,870 km2, with a catchment area of 180,950 km2. The lake is generally shallow with maximum depth of 84 meters and mean depth of 40 meters.
Lake Victoria has historically had abundant fish catches; however, these have a positive correlation with the lake’s water level, which has been fluctuating due to climate change and human activities in the region. Catches reduced to between 60% and 70% during the current reduction of water level in Nyanza Gulf. There is increased pressure on land for agricultural use due to population pressure in the country, and increased demand for water related usage for socioeconomic development across the region (click here for more information).