Myanmar (Burma) from the Mountains to the Sea – December 6th, 2008
In this image we have a nice view of all of the Union of Myanmar (formerly known as Burma), from the Himalayas in the North to the Irrawaddy Delta in the South. Please click on the main thumbnail to see the full picture of the region.
Myanmar is the largest country by geographical area in mainland Southeast Asia.
It is bordered by China on the northeast, Laos on the east, Thailand on the southeast, Bangladesh on the west, India on the northwest, the Bay of Bengal to the southwest with the Gulf of Martaban and Andaman Sea defining its southern periphery.
One-third of Myanmar’s total perimeter, 1,930 kilometers (1,199 mi), forms an uninterrupted coastline.
In the first close-up, we have the Irrawaddy Delta, which is approximately 50,400 km2 (19,500 sq mi) in area. It is largely used for rice cultivation. In the image we can see a great deal of sediments flowing down the Irawaddy River, past the city of Rangoon (Yangon) and into the Andaman Sea.
Myanmar lies in the monsoon region of Asia, with its coastal regions receiving over 5,000 mm (200 in) of rain annually. Annual rainfall in the delta region is approximately 2,500 mm (100 in) , while average annual rainfall in the Dry Zone, which is located in central Burma, is less than 1,000 mm (40 in).
In the close-up of the mountains, we can see snow on the Hengduan Shan mountain range, which forms the border with China. As you can see from the vertical ridges in the image, Myanmar’s mountain ranges run north-to-south, coming from the Himalayas.
Northern regions of the country are the coolest, with average temperatures of 21 °C (70 °F). Coastal and delta regions have mean temperatures of 32 °C (90 °F).