Benghazi on Shores of Mediterranean Sea, Libya – February 25th, 201232.1N 20.0E
This wide-swath ASAR image shows the coastline of Libya along the Mediterranean Sea. Visible as a white area by the shore is Benghazi, the second largest city in Libya, a port city and the main city of the Cyrenaica region. The wider metropolitan area (which includes the southern towns of Gimeenis and Suluq) is also a district of Libya.
Benghazi is one of the sub-regions of the area referred to as Cyrenaica, the others being the Jebel Akhdar and the coastal plain running east of Apollonia. Cyrenaica is surrounded by desert on three sides. Benghazi is surrounded by the “barr”, arid steppe. The Jebel Akhdar, literally, “the Green Mountain”, just north of Benghazi, rises to the east. Here the vegetation and climate is more Mediterranean in feel with none of the desert landscapes found further south. A large section of the western Jebel Akhdar is taken up by the fertile Marj plain.
Further east is the second level of the Jebel Akhdar, between 500 metres (1,600 feet) and over 875 m (2,871 ft) above sea level, often thickly wooded and cut by ravines. To the north, below the steep cliffs of the plateau, lies a narrow belt of Mediterranean farmland. Olives and other mediterrenean fruits and vegetables are grown here. To the south, the forest and farmland gives way to juniper bush maquis and pre-desert scrub with some winter grazing.