Amur Oblast and Zeyskoye Reservoir, Russia – November 16th, 2008
In this snow-covered image we can see part of Amur Oblast, in eastern Russia. The large, dark body of water is the Zeyskoye Reservoir. The Gilyuy, Zeya and Tynda Rivers are visible below the reservoir, while the Stanovoy Mountain Range can be seen above it. The land south of this range is the Upper Zeysky Plain, which is primarily marshland with larch and pine forests.
Amur Oblast is an administrative division of Russia (an oblast), situated about 8,000 km east of Moscow on the banks of the Amur and Zeya Rivers. In 2005, official estimates suggested a population of about 887,600 people.
It shares its border with the Sakha Republic in the north, Khabarovsk Krai and the Jewish Autonomous Oblast in the east, People’s Republic of China in the south, and Chita Oblast in the west.
The Stanovoy Range, visible in the image North of the Zeyskoye Reservoir, forms the dividing line between the Sakha Republic and Amur Oblast and spreads across the entire northern border of the territory. Dwarf Siberian pine and alpine tundra grow at higher elevations on these mountains and larch forests with small stands of flat-leaved birch and pine forests grow alongside the river plains.
The Zeya River, 1,242 km long, begins in the mountains of the Stanovoy Range in the northeast. It freezes from November to May.
The middle reaches of this great river were dammed to create the huge Zeyskoye Reservoir, which sprawls over 2,500 km² between the Stanovoy Range and a southern parallel range running across the center of the oblast. It is kept at a regulated depth of 93 m.