Agriculture Around Nile Rivermouth and Lake Moeris – March 12th, 2009
Fertile green land surrounds the mouth of the Nile River, its banks, and a nearby lake. The green areas are fields, while the tan patches speckled throughout the area are cities and small towns.
Green sediments can also be seen just offshore, spilling into the Mediterranean Sea from the river’s outlets.
Agriculture also surrounds Lake Moeris, to the South. It is an ancient lake in the northwest of the Faiyum Oasis, 80 km (50 miles) southwest of Cairo, Egypt. Lake Moeris was freshwater in prehistory but is today a saltwater lake.
The lake’s surface is 140 ft (43 m) below sea-level, and covers about 78 mile² (200 km²). Its area is estimated to vary between 490 mi² (1,270 km²) and 1,700 km² (656 sq. miles).
Further east, the Suez Canal stretches between the Mediterranean Sea (above) and the Red Sea (below), dividing Egypt from the Sinai Peninsula.
The Great Bitter Lake is a salt water lake visible between the north and south part of the Suez Canal. It is adjoined by the Small Bitter Lake.
Together, the Bitter Lakes have a surface area of about 250 km². To the north, the canal also runs through Lake Manzala and Lake Timsah.